Risk model validation is an emerging and important area of research, and has arisen because of Basel I and II. These regulatory initiatives require trading institutions and lending institutions to compute their reserve capital in a highly analytic way, based on the use of internal risk models. It is part of the regulatory structure that these risk models be validated both internally and externally, and there is a great shortage of information as to best practise. Editors Christodoulakis and Satchell collect papers that are beginning to appear by regulators, consultants, and academics, to provide the first collection that focuses on the quantitative side of model validation. The book covers the three main areas of risk: Credit Risk and Market and Operational Risk.
A fire sale of US debt could cause a global recession through disorderly devaluation of the dollar, raising interest rates and crashing stock markets. The G7 doctrine of shared responsibility intends to coordinate regional efforts. This book analyzes the main issues and individual regions, including China, Japan, the EU and the USA.
This book explores the central problems underlying the insurance of aviation war and terrorism risks and associated perils. It critically analyses the reasons why conventional insurance markets are unwilling or unable to provide sustainable insurance coverage for aviation war and terrorism risks in the aftermath of catastrophic events such as the terrorist events of September 11, 2001. It also examines some of the prominent concepts proposed and/or implemented after 9/11 to determine whether and to what extent these concepts avoid identified pitfalls. Like many of life's essentials, the importance of insurance is most evident when it is not available. The sheer scale and magnitude of the insurance losses that followed 9/11 caused conventional insurance markets (which hitherto had been offering generous insurance coverage for aviation war and terrorism risks to air transport operators for little or no premium) to withdraw coverage forthwith. The ensuing absence or insufficiency of commercial insurance coverage for aviation war and terrorism risks has sparked a global search for viable and sustainable alternatives. Ten years have since elapsed, and despite numerous efforts, the fundamental problems remain unresolved. The book proceeds on the premise that the underlying issues are not entirely legal in nature; they have immense economic, psychological and policy implications that cannot be underestimated. A multidisciplinary approach is therefore used in examining the issues, drawing heavily upon analytical principles adapted from law and economics and behavioural law and economics. It is hoped that the resulting study will be beneficial not only to lawyers and those interested in aviation insurance but also to economists, air transport insurance program managers, capital market investors and governmental policymakers, both at the national and international levels.
Clarke (sociology, U. of Warwick, England) draws on data from statistical surveys and case studies collected within the framework of a large-scale collaborative research program by development agencies on the restructuring of labor and employment in Russia. He reviews the historical context and tackles theoretical issues before providing a detailed analysis of the development of the labor market through the interaction of strategies by employers and employees. Two more volumes are expected to emerge from the study, on the segmentation of the Russian labor market and on household survival strategies, presumably during those long months or years when workers are not being paid.
Operations Risk--a form of Operational Risk, is becoming increasingly important as more and more sophisticated products and the use of those products occurs in the financial services industry. Outsourcing, including overseas outsourcing, is changing the structure of firms and particularly operations teams. Thus understanding the existing and the changing risk environment in operations functions and its impact on operational risk is centrally important today. The book focuses on areas such as technology risk, people risk, and settlement risk, examining the dangers that lurk within different organisations. Case studies throughout the book illustrate the way in which risk can become magnified and ultimately become a serious danger to the businesses concerned. The reader is challenged throughout the book to interpret given situations in Operations Risk so as to understand the impact of the risks and devise solutions through a series of exercises included in the relevant chapters. (answers are provided). This "self-test" approach will help reinforce understanding of the detailed material contained throughout the book.
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