The biggest corporate failure ever in British history occurred in 2008 with very little forewarning. The management of HBOS, a major national bank with a long history of prudence prior to the merger in 2001, were allowed to act incompetently. Auditors and regulators failed to act, ignoring a key senior whistleblower, and the 'competitive' stock market failed to spot management failure in time. The book is the first academic study of this collapse, uncovering some surprising evidence on the power and politics of large financial institutions. It details the processes and degrees to which financial challenge and regulation are undermined by this power. The research exposes a pro-active process of regulatory risk management by these institutions; the ease with which auditors and regulators can be captured; and how politicians and investors can be all too happy to hop on the stock market and management spin ride - with other people's money. The study questions the ideology and politics which supported and encouraged the management hubris, raising profound questions about the 'politics' of the academic disciplines of banking, finance and accounting today, and the theories they underpin. This account of management gone wrong is essential reading for students, researchers and professionals involved in banking, finance, credit infrastructure, economics, and management studies.
AÂ comprehensive overview of trading and risk management in the energy marketsÂ
Capital adequacy allocation is not yet a legal requirement for hedge funds, but given the increase in global investigations, the high failure rate and lack of consistent benchmarking standards, the idea of financial reserves and enforced operational risk management are appealing prospects for the hedge fund investment community. Most hedge funds have superficial risk management but very few apply a thorough operational risk methodology. Independent consulting risk manager, Armelle Guizot, presents in-depth classifications of the range of operational and systemic risks and provides the reader with a benchmark to allocate capital reserves to support them. Based on Guizot's operational and market risk experience gained through working with high profile clients such as JP Morgan, Sumitomo Mitsui and Merrill Lynch, the reader will find that this report: covers all the major operational and regulatory risks associated with hedge funds; provides infrastructural risk maps; introduces a simple methodology to calculate capital adequacy; incorporates industry risk management surveys to benchmark against peers; and encourages fund managers to think ahead. This report provides hedge fund managers with a complete set of risk principles and standards to avoid operational risks and potential financial losses. At the same time it proves a valuable resource for those without advanced quantitative knowledge, allowing them to quickly grasp the hidden risks of hedge funds.
This 1994 book offers a comparison of British and German industries' reaction to the opportunities and threats offered by the single European market (SEM). It outlines the effect that the SEM was expected to have on the two countries and contrasts this with their actual progress based on published data and a detailed study of four industries. While the single European market has had an impact, many measures have had a far weaker effect than expected. The existence of other barriers not tackled by the SEM programme - weakened measures, poor implementation, global business trends and the recent recession - helps dominate the impact of the SEM. Nevertheless the SEM stands out as one of the striking influences on British and German industries for many years. Germany, with its geographical advantage and stronger manufacturing seems better placed to benefit, but the less regulated and often more flexible UK economy may have competitive advantages as the pressures increase.
This handbook includes the principal methodological tools and data required to comprehend, evaluate and execute analysis of chemical risk in practical working situations.
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