Awarded the Juame Vicens Vives Prize by the Spanish Association of Economic History, this study analyses the development of the Spanish domestic market from 1650-1800, which transformed the country from a pseudocolonial territory, politically and economically dependent on its European neighbours, to a significant European power.
The Emergence of a National Market in Spain, 1650-1800 places Spain firmly in a European context, arguing that the origins of a sophisticated economy must be understood through the complex diplomacy of the period, namely the competition between Britain and France for dominance in the Iberian peninsula. It was in response to this rivalry that the Spanish state actively promoted the conditions for economic development in the 18th century, aided by autonomous commercial networks of Catalan merchants, Navarrese tradesmen and migrant French businessmen.
This original interpretation by one of Spain's leading economic historians, available in English for the first time, is indispensable reading for students and scholars of Spanish history.
Discussion of trade barriers has come round - inevitably it seems - to national regimes of regulatory protection. Indeed, state regulation has the potential to undermine the very legitimacy of the global trading system. A compelling reconciliation between these two paramount values is essential. This text has a twofold purpose: to consider what has so far been accomplished in this mission in the field of international economic law, and to prescribe some solutions to continuing problems. This latter endeavour amounts to a coherent and integrated plan that will enhance the acceptability of free markets to governments, traders, and other stakeholders alike. The challenges analysed in depth here include: the development in the global trade regime of non-trade policy objectives, which still tend to be treated as mere exceptions to general obligations; the built-in emphasis on products rather than measures; the novel risks associated with the development of modern technology; the case-by-case approach of WTO jurisprudence, which generally fails to investigate whether the substance of any given domestic regulation is necessary to the policy goals of the state in question; and the "technical and economic feasibility" of complying with international trade obligations. The author conducts his analysis in a broad context encompassing the WTO system, the European Union, and the North American Free Trade Agreement. He finds that the clash, despite the particular institutional characteristics of these various organizations, is a major concern of them all. The jus gentium of international trade, he offers, is an imperative combining the good faith principle with the communitarian duty to cooperate. Exactly how to go about ordering this imperative is what this book is about.
The behaviour of market prices is a fascinating subject for researchers. Opinions vary substantially. from the view that prices accurately and quickly reflect relevant information to the other extreme that prices are not rationally determined and are hence to some degree predictable. This diversity of belief about the efficiency of markets is reflected in these proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "A reappraisal of the efficiency of financial markets". The thirty-one workshop papers cover stock. currency and commodity markets. We are pleased to have contributions on markets in eleven NATO countries: Belgium. Canada. Denmark. France. Germany. Greece. Italy. the Netherlands. Portugal. the United Kingdom and the United States. The workshop papers thus provide a wide-ranging account of contemporary research into financial markets worldwide. The workshop was held at the Hotel do Mar. Sesimbra. Portugal from April 11 th to April 15th. 1988. We record our gratitude to Jose Cabral for ensuring the smooth progress of the workshop. The generous financial assistance of NATO was supplemented by contributions from: The Chicago Board of Trade. Alianca Seguradora. Banco Comercial Portugues. Fundacao Luso-Americana Para 0 Desenvolvimento. Junta Nacional de Investigacao Cientifica e Tecnologica. We speak for all the workshop participants in expressing our thanks to all our sponsors. Rui M. Campos Guimaraes. University of Porto.
Jack Hampton, Jr., or "Little Jack" as his mother called him, was your typical big, stocky Midwestern 9-year-old boy from Strongsville, Ohio. However, when it came to sports, Little Jack was anything but typical. Where most boys played a sport or two, Little Jack played a lot of sports. Not because Little Jack wanted to play a lot of sports, but because his dad, Jack Hampton, Sr., insisted that Little Jack play all sports. When Little Jack was not playing hockey, football, baseball, basketball, lacrosse, golf, or even bowling, his dad, "Big Jack," insisted that Little Jack watch films of his opponents in order to learn about their strengths and weaknesses. Although Little Jack enjoyed sports, he developed a passion for designing sports stadiums and arenas. Join "Little Jack" Hampton on his sports-filled journey and see why he became "A Jack of All Trades."Sports Doc BooksT take young readers on journeys into the world of sports and real-life dilemmas, dilemmas they often face in school, family, community, and peer relationships. Children ages 7 and up will enjoy reading these sports-oriented stories and learning how they can handle their own problems. Parents will enjoy discussing these books with their children.Greg Hickman, writer of Sports Doc BooksT, received his doctorate degree at Ohio State University in Human Development Family Science. Sports Doc BooksT combines the authors expertise in child development and his experiences in sports.
Given the current changes in the social, political, and economic environments in which health care is delivered, public health practitioners at all levels of government and in the private sector must run effective campaigns to change individual behavior, improve social and economic conditions, advance social policies, and compete successfully for public attention and resources. Marketing Public Health: Strategies to Promote Social Change, Second Edition is designed to help students and practitioners of public health understand basic marketing principles and strategically apply these principles in planning, implementing, and evaluating public health initiatives. Key Features: Only book on marketing tailored specifically for the public health environment. Written at a level appropriate for students new to marketing and/or public health; however, it covers many topics in greater depth making it relevant for current practitioners. Informed both by changes in the marketing environment and also by the latest thinking among marketing and social marketing researchers and practitioners. Emphasizes using marketing approaches for "upstream" changes in policy and legal, economic, and social environments as well as addressing the traditional "downstream" use of social marketing to help individuals change their own health behaviors. Includes all-new case studies, written by respected and well-known guest contributors from the front lines, that illustrate the principles and strategies in a way that makes it immediately apparent to the reader how the material can be used in modern, real-life public health campaigns. Uses many examples from areas of public health interest that have arisen only in the past few years (e.g., bioterrorism, SARS, West Nile virus). Thoroughly discusses current themes in marketing, such as branding; building relationships with audiences; ensuring audience self-interest; and process and outcome evaluation-all presented in detail from the standpoint of the public health practitioner. Presents a solid marketing approach, including well-developed sections on communications but also providing guidance on how to manage pricing, distribution, and development of product or service offerings. Includes worksheets, a suggested reading list, and, where appropriate, references to other books that cover selected topics in greater depth.
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